Document Type : Review Paper

Authors

1 Department of computer engineering, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad university, Dezful, Iran

2 Department of Computer Engineering, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran

Abstract

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are a subclass of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) that have inherited some of this type of network's features. Due to road accidents, these networks are a promising technology to increase passengers' comfort and safety and increase road safety and provide traffic information. In vehicular ad hoc networks, it is challenging to design an efficient routing protocol for data routing in vehicles due to rapid topology changes and frequent disconnections. Applications in these fields require efficient routing protocols. The design of a routing protocol must be done both in terms of useful information dissemination and under the information dissemination environment's actual conditions. In this paper, we overview the existing VANET routing protocols; As there are different routing protocols in VANET, we need to do detailed research on various routing protocols and their strengths/weaknesses. The routing protocols essentially concentrate on delay, packet delivery magnitude relation, information measure utilization, and plenty of alternative factors. However, there are challenges to select a routing protocol to a dynamic topology and special characteristics of VANETs. VANET is extremely advantageous because it helps in up the road safety through reducing the amount of accidents by warning drivers regarding the danger before they really face it and different facilities to comfort drivers.

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