Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Dept of CSE, Assistant Professor, SRMU, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India 225003

2 ICT Dept., Ph D Scholar, IIITM Gwalior, India


Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) is a novel technology that has recently emerged and due to its swift changing topology and high mobility nature, it has become problematic to design an efficient routing protocol in VANETs’ amongst both moving and stationary units. Also, the existing routing algorithms are not very effective to satisfy all requirements of VANETs. This paper explores the need of a reliable routing and proposes an approach that makes use of an extended restricted greedy forwarding mechanism to select the next forwarding vehicle on basis of its average relative velocity and neighborhood density with its own neighboring vehicles. We also use static PCR junction node which forwards the packet to correct road segment vehicle based upon the relative information. The objective of this paper is to increase route reliability by increasing throughput with considerable end to end delay. Simulation results show that the proposed approach IJDRP outperforms existing GPCR and E-GyTAR.


Main Subjects

[1] Bello-Salau, H., Aibinu, A. M., Wang, Z., Onumanyi, A. J., Onwuka, E. N., and Dukiya, J. J., 2019. An optimized routing algorithm for vehicle ad-hoc networks. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 22, pp. 754-766.
[2] Adaramola, O.J., 2018. Network parameters evaluation in vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) routing protocols for efficient message delivery in city environment. Journal of Advances in Computer Engineering and Technology, 4, pp. 41-50.
[3] Karp, B., and Kung, H.T., 2000, August. GPSR: Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing for wireless networks. In Proceedings of the 6th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (pp. 243-254). ACM.
[4] Naumov, V., and Gross, T.R., 2007, May. Connectivity-Aware Routing (CAR) in vehicular ad-hoc networks. In 26th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications INFOCOM (pp. 1919-1927). IEEE.
[5] Lochert, C., Hartenstein, H., Tian, J., Fubler, H., and Mauve, M., 2005. Geographic routing in city scenarios. ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing Communication Review, 9, pp. 69-72.
[6] Seet, B.C., Liu, G., Lee, B.S., Foh, C.H., Wong K.J., and Lee, K., K., 2004, May. A-STAR: A mobile ad hoc routing strategy for metropolis vehicular communications. In International conference on research in networking (pp. 989-999). Springer.
[7] Jerbi, M., Meraihi, R., Senouci, S.M., and Ghamri-Doudane, Y., 2006, September. GyTAR: improved greedy traffic aware routing protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks in city environments. In Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Vehicular ad hoc networks (pp. 88-89). ACM.
[8] Bilal, S., Madani, S., and Khan, I., 2011. Enhanced junction selection mechanism for routing protocol in VANETs. International Arab Journal of Information Technology, 8, pp. 422-429.
[9] F¨ußler, H., Hannes, H., J¨org, W., Martin, M. and Wolfgang, E., 2004. Contention-based forwarding for street scenarios. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop in Intelligent Transportation (WIT 2004), pp. 155-160.
[10] Khabbaz, M.J., Alazemi, H.M.K., and Assi, C.M., 2013. Delay-aware data delivery in vehicular intermittently connected networks. IEEE transactions on communications, 61, pp. 1134-1143.
[11] Leontiadis, I., and Mascolo, C., 2007, June. GeOpps: geographical opportunistic routing for vehicular networks. In IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
[12] Naumov, V., Baumann, R., and Gross, T., 2006, May. An evaluation of intervehicle ad hoc networks based on realistic vehicular traces. In Proceedings of the 7th ACM International Symposium on Mobile ad hoc networking and computing (pp. 108-119). ACM.
[13] Lee, K.C., Haerri, J., Lee, U., and Gerla, M., 2007, November. Enhanced perimeter routing for geographic forwarding protocols in urban vehicular scenarios. In IEEE Globecom Workshops (pp. 1-10). IEEE.
[14] Lochert, C., Hartenstein, H., Tian, J., Fussler, H., Hermann D. and Mauve, M., 2003, June. A routing strategy for vehicular ad hoc networks in city environments. In IEEE IV2003 Intelligent Vehicles Symposium Proceedings (pp. 156-161). IEEE.
[15] Zhang, X.M., Wang, E.B., Xia, J.J., and Sung, D.K., 2011. An estimated distance-based routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 60, pp. 3473-3484.