Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Strathmore university

2 Strathmore University

3 Technical university of Kenya

Abstract

The ability to measure the energy consumed by cloud infrastructure is a crucial step towards the development of energy efficiency policies in the cloud infrastructure. There are hardware-based and software-based methods of measuring energy usage in cloud infrastructure. However, most hardware-based energy measurement methods measure the energy consumed system-wide - including the energy lost in transit. In an environment such as the cloud, where energy consumption can be a result of different components, it is important to isolate the energy, which is consumed as a result of executing application workloads. This information can be crucial in making decisions such as workload consolidation.
In this paper, we propose an experimental approach of measuring power consumption as a result of executing application workloads in IaaS cloud. This approach is based on Intel’s Running Average Power Limit (RAPL) interface. Application workload is obtained from Phoronix Test Suite (PTS)’ 7zip and aio-stress. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, we have described an approach, which can be used to study the effect of workload consolidation on CPU and I/O's power performance by varying the number of Virtual Machines (VMs) . Power is measured in watts. Performance of CPU is measured in Million Instructions per Second (MIPS) and I/O performance (as a result of processing data intensive) is measured in MB/s. Our results on the effect of workload consolidation has been compared with previous research and was found to be consistent. This shows that the proposed method of measuring power consumption is accurate.

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