Document Type: Original Research Paper


Computer Engineering Department, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.


Various numbering schemes are used to track different versions and revisions of files, software packages, and documents. One major challenge in this regard is the lack of an all-purpose, adaptive, comprehensive and efficient standard. To resolve the challenge, this article presents Quadruple Adaptive Version Numbering Scheme. In the proposed scheme, the version identifier consists of four integers. These four numbers from Left to Right are called: "Release Sequence Number", "Generation Number", "Features List Number", and "Corrections List Number" respectively. In the article, special values are given for the quadruple numbers and their meanings are described. QAVNS is an "Adaptive" scheme; this means that it has the capability to track the different versions and revisions of files, software packages, project output documents, design documents, rules, manuals, style sheets, drawings, graphics, administrative and legal documents, and the other types of "Informational Objects" in different environments, without alterations in its structure. The proposed scheme has the capability to monitor changes in the types of informational objects, such as virtual machine memory, in the live migration process. The experimental and analytical results indicate the desirability and effectiveness of the proposed scheme in satisfying the desired expectations. The proposed scheme can become a common standard and successfully applied in all academic, engineering, administrative, legislative, legal, manufacturing, industrial, operational, software development, documentary, and other environments. The standardization of this scheme and its widespread usage can be a great help in improving everyone's understanding of the numbering of versions & revisions.


Main Subjects

[1] H. Moei Emamqeysi, N. Soltani, M. Robati, and M. Davarpanah, “A review of methods for resource allocation and operational framework in cloud computing,” J. of Advances in Comput. Eng. and Technology (JACET), vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 173–180, Aug. 2017.
[2] Z. Chen and J. Yoon, “IT Auditing to Assure a Secure Cloud Computing,” in 2010 6th World Congr. on Services, 2010, pp. 253–259.
[3] S. R. Hosseini, S. Adabi, and R. Tavoli, “A Near Optimal Approach in Choosing The Appropriate Physical Machines for Live Virtual Machines Migration in Cloud Computing,” J. of Advances in Comput. Eng. and Technology (JACET), vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 23–32, Oct. 2015.
[4] V. Kherbache, É. Madelaine, and F. Hermenier, “Scheduling Live Migration of Virtual Machines,” IEEE Trans. on Cloud Computing, pp. 1–14, Sep. 2017.
[5] M. Cavage, D. Pacheco, B. Cantrill, and N. Fitch, “Versioning schemes for compute-centric object stores,” Patent US9092238B2, 28-Jul-2015.
[6] “drupal 7.61 ReleaseNotes.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 20-Nov-2018].
[7] J. R. Erenkrantz, “Release management within open source projects,” in Proc. ICSE’03 Int. Conf. on Software Eng., Portland, Oregon, USA, 2003, pp. 51–55.
[8] Tom Preston-Werner, “Semantic Versioning 2.0.0.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 09-Jun-2018].
[9] A. M. Keller and J. D. Ullman, “A version numbering scheme with a useful lexicographical order,” in Proc. 11th Int. Conf. on Data Eng., 1995, pp. 240–248.
[10] S. Raemaekers, A. van Deursen, and J. Visser, “Semantic Versioning versus Breaking Changes: A Study of the Maven Repository,” in IEEE 14th Int. Working Conf. on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation (SCAM), Victoria, BC, Canada, 2014, pp. 215–224.
[11] “Wine Project History - WineHQ.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 17-May-2018].
[12] “Ubuntu 18.04 ReleaseNotes.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 27-Oct-2018].
[13] International Organization for Standardization, “ISO 8601:2004 - Data elements and interchange formats -- Information interchange -- Representation of dates and times,” ISO Standard 8601, Dec. 2004.
[14] Markus Kuhn, “A summary of the international standard date and time notation.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 28-May-2018].
[15] “Debian Releases.” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Apr-2018].
[16] R. Conradi and B. Westfechtel, “Version Models for Software Configuration Management,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 232–282, Jun. 1998.
[17] J. Bauml and P. Brada, “Automated Versioning in OSGi: A Mechanism for Component Software Consistency Guarantee,” in Proc. 35th Euromicro Conf. on Software Eng. and Advanced Applicat., Patras, Greece, 2009, pp. 428–435.
[18] C. Clark et al., “Live migration of virtual machines,” in Proc. of the 2nd conf. on Symp. on Networked Syst. Design & Implementation, Berkeley, CA, USA, 2005, vol. 2, pp. 273–286.
[19] Majid Tajamolian, “A New Synthetic Method for Virtual Machine Live Migration,” PhD. Dissertation (in Persian), Yazd University, Yazd, Iran, 2019.